1. The state behind or past.


  1. Pertaining to the direction towards the back.
    They left without a backward glance.
  2. Pertaining to the direction reverse of normal.
    The occasional backward movement of planets is evidence they revolve around the sun.
  3. Reluctant or unable to advance.
  4. Of a culture considered undeveloped or unsophisticated.
  5. Pertaining to a thought or value that is considered outdated.
  6. On that part of the field behind the batsman's popping crease.
  7. Further behind the batsman's popping crease than something else.
  8. Unwilling; averse; reluctant.
  9. Slow to apprehend; having difficulties in learning.
    a backward child
  10. Late or behindhand.
    a backward season
  11. Already past or gone; bygone.


  1. In the direction towards the back; backwards
    to walk or ride backward; to throw the arms backward
  2. Toward, or in, past time or events; ago.
  3. By way of reflection; reflexively.
  4. From a better to a worse state, as from honor to shame, from religion to sin.

The above text is a snippet from Wiktionary: backward
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